In my previous posts, I sounded excited about getting a lot of snow…. well I thought we had a lot of snow at that time. It’s nothing compared to what we recieved this weekend. Friday’s snowstorm landed the biggest single-day’s worth of snow that any of us have ever seen. In the evening, when the weather began to taper, Greg Roberts and Scott Noblitt, with the help of the owner of the very cool lodge they are staying at up here in the backcountry, were able to access the site via snowmobile to ensure that none of our equipment was damaged by the unreliable electric service during the storm. When Jack, Jessie, and I arrived in the morning, we were greeted with more than 3.5 feet of new snow (on top of the 1 foot we had remaining from the previous storm). If you have trouble grasping how much this really is… trust me, I’m still trying and I’m in the middle of it… here’s a picture of Jessie (about 5′ 5″ tall) clearing snow off to top of NOAA’s box trailer. Remember, all of that fell in ONE DAY.
Jessie Creamean posing for a photo while clearing snow from the top of the NOAA trailer at Sugar Pine Dam after the storm on 2/25/11.
According to meteorological data, this past storm may have been associated with Atmospheric River conditions, a notion that jives well with the heavy precipitation we received here in the Sierra in a short amount of time. These kinds of conditions, where water vapor is transported directly from the tropics to the western margin of North America, have been responsible for some of the heaviest rain and snowfall on record for this region. The band of water vapor that hit the coast here on Friday moved southward to the San Diego area on Saturday, giving our friends back home a good soaking.
In terms of aerosol science, it was great to have this second storm a week after the first one: we collected some great snow samples and were able to look for reproducible conditions surrounding the two storms. We’re collecting lots of nice data up here, and we’re all confident that we’ll learn a lot from our observations thus far. We’re just about 10 days or so from the end of the intensive sampling campaign. We’re looking to finish strong… I got word today that there are plans to do lots of flights over Sugar Pine Dam in the G1. I still haven’t had the opportunity to spot them by eye over the site (every time I’ve been available to look, it’s been cloudy).
Today is our first hard down day for the aircraft. This means no flights and no power to the aircraft so no one is allowed to work. It is a much needed break for the scientists who have been working so hard to prepare and start Calwater. It was a good day to use for a down day as we sit and wait for the clouds to come to us…the weather is almost unbelievable. Even the marine stratocumulus clouds remain in a stand-off with the coast. One can see this, as well as the CalWater study area highlighted in yellow in this cloud image. Just heard in our NOAA weather webcast this morning that the storm we were hoping for over this coming weekend just died out over the Pacific. We’re back to hoping for a Valentine’s Day storm. Honestly, I never thought I would be wishing so hard to see even a single cloud in the sky. I watch the NASA Satellite images almost every waking hour. I didn’t think it was physically possible to not have a single (non-cirrus) cloud over the entire Northern CA region during February, a month that historically has large amounts of precipitation. So, now I am learning how to run and interpret models that will be used to predict when the clouds will arrive in California–in particular, we are interested in the formation of orographic wave clouds over the Sierras. We need every possible tool so we can take advantage of flights over the next few weeks of the study….
Clouds in face-off with California coastline...
Posted in CalWater 2011
Tagged aerosol-cloud interactions, Aircraft ATOFMS, California, CCN, climate, climate change, clouds, DOE, La Nina, marine, NASA, NOAA, satellite, science, stratocumulus, Sugar Pine Dam, water resources
So we all know now that there likely will not be rain for days in the Sierra Nevadas, but it is getting hazier up here at Sugar Pine Dam. As much as the clear beautiful vistas are stunning and the mostly particle-free air is healthy, for atmospheric aerosol scientists, such conditions can be a bit boring for analysis. The cleanliness may be boon for understanding more about the properties and behavior of a remote continental atmosphere, but we’ll let the data tell the story.
Aerosol sampling at Lincoln, CA (co-located with the NOAA SkyWater C-Band Radar) is mostly up and running now with measurements of carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, ozone, nitrogen oxides, and aerosol size distributions. A mini-CCN counter, care of Dr. Greg Roberts from Scripps Inst. of Oceanography, is on its way within days. The goal is to have a better understanding of the aerosol properties of the valley with reference to those at the more remote site at Sugar Pine Dam.
View Sugar Pine Reservoir in a larger map
Welcome to the Prather Research Group‘s ATOFMS Field Notebook!
Currently, some of the members of the Prather Group are involved with the CalWater field measurement campaign… the third installment in three years. A collaboration with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the California Energy Commission (CEC) and several other institutions, this study intends to investigate the interplay of atmospheric aerosol particles with clouds and precipitation in California. Comprehensive descriptions can be found within the Prather Group’s website and the NOAA-hosted CalWater website. Briefly, the concept for this study is to bridge direct observations of the chemical and physical properties of atmospheric aerosol particles with measurements of the surrounding meteorology. Detailed chemical and physical measurements of atmospheric aerosols are currently being made at a remote site in Tahoe National Forest at the Sugar Pine Dam utilizing several techniques, including Aerosol Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (ATOFMS). Starting February 2, measurements will be made via research aircraft, utilizing Pacific Northwest National Lab’s Gulfstream-1 (PNNL G-1) — stay tuned for more on this part of the study! NOAA meteorological measurements have been underway for several months, including a large network of several types of radars, rain gauges, raindrop size distributions, surface meteorological and hydrological sensors.
Members of the Prather Research Group that are participating in this study will be updating this blog throughout the study. Stay tuned to learn more about our measurements!